Discovering Major Scale Modes

There are major scale modes for major scales that can improve your solo’s just by knowing about them and where they are. They can be used as a base scale like the major scale.

A mode is simply a scale within a scale. If you start on the second note of a major scale and play to the next octave you will have played the dorian mode of that scale.

Now that you know what a mode is let’s get started.

Each mode has a slightly different color or feel to it.

The Major Scale Modes

Below are the C scale notes with their modes.



Major Scale Modes Formulas

The scale or mode formula that I will put at the bottom of these pages is a way of making a scale or mode from a major scale. You must compare a mode to the major scale and apply the formula.

Let me show you, if you wanted a G dorian scale you would do it like this.

This is the formula for a Dorian mode 1-2-♭3-4-5-6-♭7.

Building Modes

To make a G dorian scale we look at the G major scale

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Major Scale Formula

1 2 3♭ 4 5 6 7♭ Dorian Formula

The 3 would be a B♭ and the 7 would be an F. Got it?

This is a tool for making scales and modes easier to relate to something.

You could think of the dorian mode as a major scale with a lowered 3rd and 7th. This can make it easier for some of us to remember if we know the major scales.

Remembering Modes

This way of remembering will work for some scales or modes but not for others because there are too many differences in the two scales.

I’ll list all the modes even though some are only used rarely or by advanced Jazz players.

Each of these will link to a page about a particular mode in the major scale. They will go in order like the list up above.

Major Scale Modes

The Ionian Mode

This mode is the major scale. You may already know about the major scale but this is one of the modes.

The Major Scale – Ionian Mode

The Dorian Mode

The Dorian mode gets quite a bit of use. It’s a mellow sounding minor mode. It can be blended with the pentatonic and blues scales.

Dorian Mode

The Phrygian Mode

This scale mode has a Spanish Flamenco sound however the three chord from the major scale does not get used as a tonal center for many songs. If you wanted an E minor tonal center you would work in the keys of G and D.

Phrygian Mode

The Lydian Mode

The Lydian mode is based on the 4th note of the major scale. It’s a good choice for improvising over the I and IV Chords. It has a bright kind of sound.

Lydian Mode

The Mixolydian Mode

This scale has a bluesy major sound unlike the pentatonic and blues scales which tend to have more of a minor sound. This can vary with different players too.

Eric Clapton has been know to use the Mixolydian Mode

Mixolydian Mode

The Aeolian Mode

This scale has been covered but it is a mode so let’s look at it again. It’s a fairly useful scale.

Aeolian Mode – AKA – The Natural Minor Scale

The Locrian Mode

This scale can be useful for a dominant chord lick. It’s an extension of the dominant chord.

Locrian Mode


Discover the Lydian Augmented Mode

The Lydian augmented mode comes from the 3rd note of the melodic minor scale and is good for improvising over chords with a flat or sharp 5th or a sharp 11 in it.

This is for altered 5th or 11th notes. A flat 5 and an augmented 11th are the same note.

Learn Scales EasierTake it for a Free Ride

Guitar Scales Method

This is played against an E♭ma7♯5, this chord is mostly used as a passing chord. A chord leading you into a main chord or another passing chord.

The E-flat Lydian augmented played over an E-flat major 7th sharp 5 chord

This is a little rough, this isn’t a very melodic chord to play against.

Lydian Augmented List

The Lydian Augmented Formula

This one goes 1-2-3-♯4-♯5-6-7

This ones not too bad to remember.

I hope you found this page useful.


Rolling Stones Songs

Learn some Rolling Stones songs. Most of the Stones songs are everyday basic chord progressions. Quite a few are 3 chords with a 4th only played for a bar or two.

Even if your not a Stones fan they have had so many hit songs you are bound to like at least one.

The first song we are going to learn is Satisfaction. This is the song they played on the Ed Sullivan show back in the 60’s. The is one of the Rolling Stones songs that led to their fame.

One of the things I like about the Stones is they stayed together. A lot of groups split up after they had some fame usually with lead attraction looking for a solo career.

(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction
Rolling Stones Songs

These are the notes for the riff. Listen to the song and you will get it quickly, it’s easy. Listen for the slight variations of it used through the song. It’s not played the same all the time. Keith Richards is known to vary his riffs and licks.

Here are links for the song and sheet music.

Here are the chords. These are the chord forms best to use for the song although you could use barre chords if you wanted.

Words and Music by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards

Play beginning riff 4x then stop until verse Chorus 1
I can't get no sa-tis-fac-tion I can't get no sa-tis-fac-tion E B7 E A
Cause I try and I try and I try and try Verse One - Play Riff A E A D A E A D
I can't get no I can't get no A E A D A E A D
When I'm driv-ing in my car A E A D and the man comes on the ra-di-o A E A D A E A D
he's tell-ing me more and more about some use-less in-for-ma-tion A E A D A E D
sup-posed to drive my im-ag-in-a-tion I can't get no A E No Chord E A D A E A D
Oh no no no hey hey hey That's what I say Chorus 2 - No Riff
Verse Two - Play Riff
Same Chord Changes as Verse 1 Chorus 3 - No Riff
Same as Chorus 1
Verse 3 - Play Riff
Same Chords as Verse 1 Ending Keep Riff Going A E A D A E A D
I can't get no I can't get no A E A D A E A D
I can't get no sa-tis-fac-tion A E A D A E A D
No sa-tis-fac-tion no sa-tis-fac-tion A E A D A E A D
No sa-tis-fac-tion I can't get no A Oh no no no! End

The Last Time
Rolling Stones Songs

This song is very similar to Satisfaction as far as the chords go. In Satisfaction you can’t hear a rhythm guitar playing chords as you can in a lot of songs.

The bass guitar, the drummer and the Riff together are the rhythm. You can hear chords being played here and there if you listen close.

Here is another one of the Rolling Stones songs that climbed up the record charts.

Words and Music by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards

Guitar Riff
Rolling Stones Songs

After each line you repeat the chords without lyrics for the verses.

You use the chords from up above.

 Play Riff 4 Times Riff Chords
//// // // Verse - 1
E D A E D A Well I told you once and I told you twice E D A E D A But you nev-er lis-ten to my ad-vice E D A E D A You don't try ver-y hard to please me E D A E D A With what you know it should be ea-sy Chorus 1 - Stop Riff
A Well this could be the last time A This could be the last time D A
May-be the last time I don't know Start Riff Again
Oh no Oh no Verse - 2
Same Chords as Verse 1 Chorus 2 - Stop Riff
Same as Chorus 1 Start Riff Again
Oh no Oh no Guitar Solo Play Chords for one Verse Chorus 3 - Stop Riff
Same as Chorus 1 Start Riff Again
Oh no Oh no Verse - 3
Chords the same as Verse 1 Chorus 3 - Stop Riff
Same as Chorus 1 Start Riff Again
Oh No Oh No Background lyrics Repeat
Maybe the Last Time
Repeat, Ad lib lyrics and Fade
E          D            A
Last time baby the last time
E          D   A
Well I don't Know
E        D   A
No I Don't Know

Lead Chords
Rolling Stones Songs

Here are the three triads the lead for The Last Time is based on. There are some other notes you can figure out from the chords being played.

A lot of early leads in rock were based using triads on the first 3 strings or the 2,3 and 4 strings. The Beatles do a version of “Honey Don’t” written by Carl Perkins on their Beatles 65 album where George Harrison plays the leads using this style.

Thank You for Reading Our Rolling Stones Songs Page. More Stones songs on the way.

I hope you found this page useful.


The F Minor Melodic Scale

Discover the F minor melodic scale. This scale is related to the A flat major scale and the F major scale. The F scale is its Tonic minor and the A flat scale is its relative minor.

Learn Scales EasierTake it for a Free Ride

Guitar Scales Method

A tetra-chord is a group of 4 adjacent notes that makes up half a major scale. The major scales are made from two tetra-chords from two different major scales.

The first F scale tetra-chord comes from the second B flat major scale tetra-chord and the second tetra-chord comes from the first C scale tetrachord.

F Melodic

F G A♭ B♭


F Minor Melodic Notation and Tab

F Minor Melodic Chords









4 Note








F Minor Melodic Chord Diagrams

Four Part Chords

F Minor Melodic Key signature

This is how the key signature looks in the key of F melodic or A flat major.

Music can have other flats or sharps in it. They will be marked on the staff next to the notes but the B E A and D won’t be you have to remember that.

The melodic scale doesn’t have all the flats in it as the A flat major scale does only the B and A are flatted. All the F minor scales will have the A♭ key signature but only the natural minor will have all the flats in it.

Minor Key


Key Signature

Rel Major


B♭, A♭


I hope you found this page useful.



Written by robert griffith   
Monday, 11 August 2008 06:00

Page 1 of 5

Out of the box, Joomla! does a great job of managing the content needed to make your Web site sing. But for many people, the true power of Joomla! lies in the application framework that makes it possible for developers all around the world to create powerful add-ons that are called Extensions. An Extension is used to add capabilities to Joomla! that do not exist in the base core code. Here are just some examples of the hundreds of available Extensions:

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Types of Extensions

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You can read more about the specifics of these using the links in the Article Index – a Table of Contents (yet another useful feature of Joomla!) – at the top right or by clicking on the Next link below.

Last Updated on Monday, 11 August 2008 06:00


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Guitar Magazines

Guitar magazines help you see how other players think of guitar and playing. They actually help you think in different ways about music and guitar which is a good thing

Below is a list of magazines that I have read or browsed through at one time or another but my favorite is still Guitar Player Magazine

I’ve been reading this one since the 70’s, I think this was the first guitar monthly magazine

Similar to Guitar Player mag but you might like it better for whatever reason

Like the title says there’s articles about those old guitars and people playing them

This magazine is mainly for acoustic guitar but not completely

Nice mag that covers a lot of aspects of playing guitar

A little on the high side about 12 dollars an issue. It’s a UK mag, Sorry no current preview available.

Classical Guitar

A higher priced mag. This company is located in England and Whales

This is another high cost magazine

This one is priced for most of us

Phsyical magazines can be taken anywhere to read and they’re easy to go back to for a reference

I hope you found this page useful.

Guitar Lessons

Call Now: 855-757-3392


Reading Music NotesLearn More Faster

You might think it’s hard to start reading music notes or notation as its also called but it’s fairly simple. To read music fast and accurate will require some time and practice.

You don’t have to become an expert music reader for this to be a valuable learning tool. Just knowing what the notes are and where they are on your guitar will expand your learning field.

Remember as a musician you are also a music student for life no matter how good you get.

Here is a link to a program that will help you get reading music fast.

Read music in Seven Days

The Staff and Middle C

The term middle C always seemed to apply to piano players for reading music notes because I wasn’t taught about the bass and treble clefs while taking guitar lessons. I had to find this stuff out myself.

Ever wonder why you saw notes like these not on a staff? They are on a staff that’s what the little lines are.

Two Music Staffs

There are two types of staffs for guitar players to understand the treble or G clef and Bass or F clef.

The clef tells you what range of tones you are in like bass for a bass guitar or treble for regular guitar.

This is the same double staff or Grand staff as it is called that you see for piano players below

They read both lines at the same time

If the millions of people that play piano can read two staffs at once there is no reason you can’t learn to read one staff

The Grand Staff

The treble clef is the top 5 lines staff and the bass clef is the lower 5 line staff. Together these are known as the Grand Staff. Middle C separates them.

Left Side Symbols

The symbols on the left tell the musician what staff they are looking at. The 4/4 symbol is the time signature more on that later.

There is usually a la


The upper and lower notes are one octave apart.

The lowest note on the guitar is the 6th string E. Which is the 3rd note on the bottom staff above.

Our 6th String E Note

In the above staff you will see the E note in the lower bass clef. This is our 6th string note. We have 2 lines above it plus the middle C line.

This is how we get the notes from the top of the page. They come from the bass staff.

Middle C

The middle C line runs through the center of these two staffs.

The C on the left side in the treble clef is the same as the C on the right in the Bass clef

The notes go up or down by one note with each space or line.

The staff will get divided into measures according to the time signature.

Name Those Notes
Reading Music Notes

These will be the names of the notes that are on each line or space. For now there are several different types of notes you will need to learn.

No matter what type of note it will still be a B or C or whatever the line or space is called.

We also need to look at the time signature that’s next to the Clef symbols then we’ll do the note types.

Once you get going you will see it’s pretty simple. There is just a lot of little things I need to point out to you first. Hang in there.

Reading Both at the Same Time

A keyboard or piano player uses both of these clefs reading both at the same time.

The treble clef is played with the right hand and the Bass clef is played with the left hand. Show-offs.

Treble Clef – Reading Music Notes

You might want to get familiar with the treble clef first. Learning the Bass clef isn’t necessary but it can come in handy reading or interpreting music not written for the guitar.

Time Signatures – Note Values

Top of Fraction =


Beats per Measure

Bottom of Fraction =


Whole Beat Note

Whole note – Hollow center, No stem or flag = 4 beats

Half note – hollow center, always has a flag = 2 beats

Quarter note – filled center, always has flag = 1 beat

Whole half and quarter note examples

There are some extra clicks from the metronome to separate the notes.

Combinations of the three notes

There is only one way of playing the whole note other than making it last two or more measures

Here are some combinations of the half and quarter notes within one measure.

The C where the time signature goes means 4/4 time like the above samples. It means common time because a majority of the music is written in this time signature.

Ties and Dots – Reading Music Notes

There are ways to change note values by combining notes using a curved line or placing a dot after the note like below.


In the above sample measures 1 and 2 will sound the same, the same is true of 3 and 4, they are just written different. You are making the first note sound longer.

When you use a tie you add the two values of the notes together unlike a dot.


A dot after a note raises its value by one half. If you put a dot after a half note which is two beats you make it three beats long.

Measures – Reading music Notes

Every measure except for pick up notes(later) must equal the top number in the time signature.

If its a 4 or C there must be 4 beats in every measure.

If the top number is a 3 then there must be 3 beats in every measure.

3/4 time is a Waltz One two three with an accent on the one beat.

I hope you found this page useful.


Discover Essential Guitar Scales

The term guitar scales seems to be the new way of saying major, pentatonic and blues scales or any other scale all rolled into one. Whatever you call the musical scales they all work on the guitar.

Learning scales is the only way to know how to improvise over different chords and chord progressions.

The major scales are the most important. They contain the pentatonic scales and the natural minor scale, so if you learn one major scale you will also know a natural minor scale and a major and minor pentatonic scale.

The major scale is also home to 7 modes or scales within scales.

What Guitar Scales Do

Music scales are like a section of the alphabet that you stay in to make words or in our case music. They give us structure and a place to start from with basic guidelines.

Scales can and do go into other scales within a song without changing key signatures. It would get really boring if we had to stay diatonic that is within a scale all of the time.

This is where our melodies and chords come from, by knowing scales you can build melodies and chords in that scale. They are also used to create great riffs and solos that you hear in your favorite songs.

How Scales are Made

All scales are made from a series of intervals. An interval is the distance between two notes.

For right now all we need to know is a half step or semitone is one fret from the first note and a whole step or tone is two frets away

Every guitar scale has its own set of intervals making it distinct from any of the others. Some are very close in sound and with some ear training you will be able to tell them apart.

If you want to understand any guitar scale you have to understand what intervals are. Check this page out

Understanding Musical Intervals

The Major Scales

The Major scale is the most important scale because it is the parent scale for most other popular scales used in music today. Most music theory and chord building is based on the major scale.

If you are new to the guitar and music in general check out the major scale primer page.

Major Scale Primer

By learning one major scale you also learn 7 modes(a scale within a scale), a major and a minor pentatonic scale.

Learning the major musical scales will make the rest of your learning and understanding about other scales, chords, playing styles and improvising much easier.

If you have been playing for a bit you may want a little more info click on the link below.

The Major Scale Structure or

All The Major Scales

The Pentatonic Scales

The pentatonic scale comes in two flavors major and minor. These guitar scales are everywhere in popular music from country to blues to hard rock. Both of these guitar scales come from the major scale.

These scales are shortened versions of the major scale. The notes they leave out aren’t normally used as much as the other 5 notes.

The notes left out in the major pentatonic is different than the notes left out in the minor pentatonic.

Check out the pentatonic scales page to see where these scales come from and how they are made.

Pentatonic Scales

The Major Pentatonic

The major pentatonic scale which is a major scale without the 4 and 7 notes is used in country music quite a bit but that’s not it’s only use. It can be used in blues and rock also.

To learn some more about the major pentatonic click on the link below.

The Major Pentatonic Scale

The Minor Pentatonic Scale

This is really a guitar scale that gets used in every style of music. You can even hear it in Country Western music which used to use the major scale and major pentatonic scales.

The minor pentatonic comes from the natural minor scale which also comes from the major scale. This scale is very popular in the rock and blues music. BB King pulls a lot of his licks from this scale.

Check out the link below for more on the minor pentatonic.

The Minor Pentatonic Scale

The Minor Scales

There are three main minor scales that are used today. Every minor scale is built with it’s own individual set of intervals giving each one it’s own unique sound.

All three forms are related to their relative major scale despite the extra flats or sharps. In the key of G the relative minor scales such as natural, harmonic and melodic would all be E minor. See Below.

G major – G A B C D E F♯ G

E minor natural – E F♯ G A B C D E

E minor melodic – E F♯ G A B C♯ D♯ E

E minor harmonic – E F♯ G A B C D♯ E

These scales share the same key signature having one sharp F like below.

The Natural Minor Scales

A scale coming directly from the major scale without any changes, unlike the melodic and harmonic minor scales.

Check out the natural minor scales. there is one in every major scale.

Natural Minor Scales

The Melodic Minor Scales

The melodic minor was created for singers making certain notes easier to sing. This scale is supposed to be played with the melodic scale notes ascending and the natural minor notes coming back down.

This scale is also used for improvising over a wide assortment of chords.

Melodic Minor Scales.

The Harmonic Minor Scales

This scale is the easiest to recognize because of it’s minor 3rd interval between the 6th and 7th notes. To me it has a Latin sound.

Check these scales out they can also be used for improvising.

Harmonic Minor Scales.

The Blues Scales

The Blues scales are very similar to the pentatonic scales but they add a blues note, the flatted fifth. If you want to improvise the blues scales are a must.

Even if you don’t play blues on a regular basis, these are fundamental scales for improvisation.

Blues Scales.

Symmetrical Scales

The C Chromatic Scale – A Symmetrical Scale

This is one of the Symmetrical scales. There are a few others. These scales are good for improvising.

These scales are used for improvising mostly. They can be used over dominant 7th and chords with altered 5th, 9th and 11th notes. They are used in many styles of music and you should be aware of them as a guitarist.

They usually don’t last more than one measure in Pop songs but in Jazz and Blues/Jazz they can last longer.

As the name implies these scales are equally or evenly spaced scales. Here is a page to check them out.

Symmetrical Scales.




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Guitar Songs for Beginners

Every great guitar player started out with guitar songs for beginners to learn. You’re going to be surprised by how many top songs you like are easy to play. A lot of songs can be played with two to five chords.

One of the things that make a song popular is simplicity. Most of us don’t like to listen to complicated music patterns.

Music can be complex and simple at the same time. Listen to a country song, simple chord structure but those guitars(steel, regular, dobro, bass) and banjos, fiddles also playing simple music but intertwined into each other make it a challenge to learn on your guitar.

If you just started playing and want to learn more about chords click on the link below to go to the chord section of the site.

Guitar Chords

Listening and Playing Chords
Guitar songs for Beginners

Chord playing will get you to feel the rhythm of the music and how and when to change chords.

Tap your foot with the music. Chords usually change on the one beat for common and 3/4 time.

Most songs are in 4/4 time, this is also called common time. If you want to learn more about music beats check out the time signature page.

Time Signatures – Music Rhythm

You will hear when chords change most of the time but some changes are very subtle and you have to listen carefully.

You’re going to love this new way of listening to music. You’ll listen more carefully to individual instruments and really appreciate music more.

Listen to the bass player in songs. This will help you hear chord changes.

Changing Chords
Guitar songs for Beginners

Chord changes are usually close to each other. For example to change from a C chord C-E-G to an F chord F-A-C, the E note moves up one fret and the G note moves up two frets. The C stays the same.

To change from a C chord to a G G-B-D the C would drop down 1 fret to B and the E would drop down two frets to a D.

The bottom line is that you don’t have to move too far to change chords most of the time.

Really Easy Guitar Songs

These are the easiest to play songs for the absolute beginner who knows nothing about the guitar.

Remember every guitar player was at this point at one time. Everybody starts here even the so called talented musicians.

Here is a link to the really easy songs

The Beatles – Eleanor Rigby and Hank Williams – Jambalaya(Also known as On the Bayou).

Beginner Guitar Songs

Easy Acoustic Guitar Songs

Playing acoustic guitar is a little different than electric because open string chords sound better on an acoustic so you try use them as much as possible.

John Lennon from the Beatles used acoustic guitar for a lot of the bands studio recording.

As a matter of fact Gibson has a John Lennon acoustic guitar model that they sell.

Here’s a link to a couple songs good for acoustic guitar. Americas – Horse with No Name and Neil Youngs – Heart of Gold

Easy Acoustic Guitar Songs

Guitar songs for Beginners

Here is a link for another page with some easy songs.

The songs are “Wonderful Tonight” – Eric Clapton, “Sympathy for the Devil” – Rolling Stones, “Hey Jude” – The Beatles

More Easy to Learn Guitar Songs

3 Chord Songs

Here is a link to a page with some easy 3 chord songs for you to learn guitar with.

Some Easy 3 Chord Songs

Here is another page with three chord progressions and hit songs that you have heard before.

Three Chord Progressions

4 Chord Songs

Here is a link to a songs page that use 4 chord progessions. These are more popular songs that you have heard before and these progressions are still used today.

4 Chord Progressions