Discover the A Flat Major Scale

The A flat major scale has 4 flats giving us B, E, A and D flatted in this scale. The word bead makes this easy to remember. We added one more flat with every scale moving in the circle of 4ths.

This scale is made from two tetra-chords from the D flat and E flat scales.

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Because the A flat scale is related to D flat and E flat you see the same notes and chords as in the A♭, D♭ and E♭ scales.

This scale is fairly common in sheet music books.

A Flat Scale

The A Flat Major – Scale Layout

The first four notes of this scale came from the key of D♭. The last four notes of the A♭ scale come from the key of E♭.

A Flat Tetra-chords

The tetra-chord is a group of four notes that make up one half a major scale. The major scales needs two tetra-chords.

The first A flat scale tetra-chord comes from the last D flat scale tetra-chord and the second half of the A flat scale comes from the first E flat scale tetrachord.


1st Tetrachord


2nd Tetrachord


The A Flat Major – Scale Numbering

The major scales have numbers that go with the notes for easy identification. This way of referring to numbers makes it easy to refer to any scale or chord no matter what key.

This is also used to refer to chords that are built from major scales. The chord numbers are usually written in Roman numerals, upper case for major chords and lower case for minor chords.

A Flat Major Scale – Notation and Tab

A Flat Major Chords









The A Flat Major Chord Diagrams

This is how the first bar(Key Signature) will look if you are in the key of A♭. The flat symbol circles the B and D lines and the E and A spaces in the staff.

Any other flats and sharps will be marked in the music itself but the B,E, A and D won’t be so you have to remember them.

The flat keys spell little words as you go through the cycle of 4ths starting with B then BE then BEA then BEAD and so on. This might help you remember the flats and the keys.

Major Key


Key Signature

Rel Minor


B♭, E♭, A♭ D♭


If you are learning the scales in the the cycle of 4ths or 5ths you will already be familiar with the G and A scales. This scale is located between them. You will be a half tone or one fret away from either of these scales.

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