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Major Scales…The Mother of Music Scales

Discover all the major scales. These scales are all interconnected and each scale is made from two other scales. They are also the mother scale for many other scales.

However were not going to get into the other scales that come from this scale on this page.

These scales are all identical except for the pitch. In other words every one of these scales are built using the same intervals.

Because they are made from each other you will see the same notes and chords in a few scales.

The Major Scale Layout

All of these major scales come from our music alphabet of 12 notes and like I said up above.

Each scale is two halves of two other scales.

Every scale has the same interval layout just in a different pitch.

The numbers above represent the distance or interval between each note, this is also the number of frets apart.

The C Scale Construction

The first four notes of this scale came from the key of F. The last four notes of the C scale come from the key of G.

Tetra Chords – Major Scales

I learned about Tetra-chords from my old Mel Bay lesson books and they helped me understand how all the keys work together.

Tetra-chords are four note sections that make up the major scale. Each scale has two of these which come from two different scales.

The first one comes from the last tetra-chord of the key listed and the
second one comes from the first tetrachord of the scale listed.

If you follow this list from top to bottom you have the circle of 4ths. This is good to know because many common chord change are 4ths apart.

If you follow the list from the bottom up you have the circle of 5ths another good thing to know for chord changes.

The last column is for the tetra-chord image below this list.

Key

1st Tetrachord

Key

2nd Tetrachord

Key

Add sections

F

F G A B♭

B♭

C D E F

C

12 & 1

B♭

B♭ C D E♭

E♭

F G A B♭

F

11 & 12

E♭

E♭ F G A♭

A♭

B♭ C D E♭

B♭

10 & 11

A♭

A♭ B♭ C D♭

D♭

E♭ F G A♭

E♭

9 & 10

D♭

D♭ E♭ F G♭

G♭

A♭ B♭ C D♭

A♭

8 & 9

C♯

C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯

F♯

G♯ A♯ B♯ C♯

G♯

8 & 9

G♭

G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭

C♭

D♭ E♭ F G♭

D♭

7 & 8

F♯

F♯ G♯ A♯ B

B

C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯

C♯

7 & 8

B

B C♯ D♯ E

E

F♯ G♯ A♯ B

F♯

6 & 7

E

E F♯ G♯ A

A

B C♯ D♯ E

B

5 & 6

A

A B C♯ D

D

E F♯ G♯ A

E

4 & 5

This image might help you visualize the tetrachord idea.

If you follow the segments to the right or clockwise you have the circle of 4ths if you go the opposite way you have the circle of 5ths. These are both good to know for chord changes.

Major Scale Numbering System

All major scales have numbers that go with the notes for easy identification. You will find out later that this way of referring to numbers makes it possible to refer to all scales and chords no matter what key you are in.

Usually this is used to refer to the chords but it is also our way of building our chords from scales. When referring to chords the numbers are usually written in Roman numerals, upper case for major chords and lower case for minor chords.

This way you can play the chords in any key

I write these Roman Numerals in on sheet music chords to make it easier to play in other keys.

For example if you have a Dm7 chord in the key of C I write ii7 next to it. The lower case is for minor and the upper case is for major.

If you wanted to play the song in G you would play an Am7 chord. Am is the two chord in G.

The Twelve Major Scales

C Major

The first will be the C scale because this is the easiest key with no sharps or flats.

The C Scale

F Major

This scale is a 4th away from C and it has one flat in it.

The F Scale

B Flat Major

This scale is a 4th away from F and it has two flats in it.

The B Flat Scale

E Flat Major

This scale is a 4th away from B flat and it has three flats in it.

The E Flat Scale

A Flat Major

This scale is a 4th away from E flat and it has four flats in it.

The A Flat Scale

D Flat Major

This scale is a 4th away from A flat and it has five flats in it.

The D Flat Scale

G Flat Major

This scale is a 4th away from D flat and it has six flats in it.

The G Flat Scale

F Sharp Major

This scale is equal to G flat but written in F#, it has six sharps in it.

The F Sharp Scale

B Major

This scale is a 4th away from F Sharp and it has five sharps in it.

The B Scale

E Major

This scale is a 4th away from B and it has four sharps in it.

The E Scale

A Major

This scale is a 4th away from E and it has three sharps in it.

The A Scale

D Major

This scale is a 4th away from A and it has two sharps in it.

The D Scale

G Major

This scale is a 4th away from D and it has one sharp in it.

The G Scale

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The F Major ScaleOnly One Flat

Discover the F major scale. This scale is the one we usually learn after C because it only has one flat. It has a B flat in it.

This scale has 5 open strings that will work for leads up the neck.

The 6th string is a major 7th.

The 5th string is a major 3rd

The 4th string is a major 6th

The 3rd string is a major 2nd or 9th.

The 6th string is a major 7th same as the 6th string

This scale is made from two tetra-chords one from the B flat and one from the C scale.

Because these scales are made from each other you will see the same notes and chords in the F, B♭ and C scales.


F Major Scale PDF

The F Scale Construction

F Scale Tetra-chords

A tetra-chord is a group of 4 adjacent notes that makes up half a major scale. The major scales are made from two tetra-chords from two different major scales.

Learn Scales EasierTake it for a Free Ride

Guitar Scales Method

The first F scale tetra-chord comes from the second B flat major scale tetra-chord and the second tetra-chord comes from the first C scale tetrachord.

Key

1st Tetrachord

|

2nd Tetrachord

Key

F Major Scale Numbering

Major scales have numbers that go with the notes. This way of referring to numbers makes it possible to refer to all scales and chords no matter what key.

When referring to chords the numbers are usually written in Roman numerals, upper case for major chords and lower case for minor chords.

F Major Notation-Tab

F Major Chords

Chords

F

Gm

Am

B♭

C

Dm

Edim

F

Roman Numeral

I

ii

iii

IV

V

vi

vii

I

F Major Chord Diagrams

F Major Key signature

This is how the key signature looks in the key of F. The flat symbol circles the B line on the staff.

Music can have other flats or sharps in it. They will be marked on the staff next to the notes but the B’s won’t be you have to remember that.

Major Key

♭’s

Key Signature

Rel Minor

F

B♭

D

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Guitar Minor 7th Chord Images

Guitar minor 7th chord images. This chord is popular and it goes by two names, An A minor 7th chord is also a C6th chord

Any of the three minor chords in every major scale can be made into minor 7th.

A Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The notes for this chord are A, C, E and G. They can be played in any order or combination. Try and find some of your own, you can use open strings.

You can find this chord in the major keys of C, F and G and also in the Harmonic and Melodic scales.

D Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are D, F, A and C.

You can find this chord in the keys of F, B flat and C.

G Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are G, B Flat, D and F.

You can find this chord in the keys of B flat, E flat and F.

C Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are C, E flat, G and B flat.

These chords are found in the E flat, A flat and B flat scales.

F Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are F, A flat, C and E flat.

These chords are found in the A flat, D flat and E flat scales.

B Flat Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are B flat, D flat, F and A flat.

These chords are found in the D flat, G flat and A flat scales.

E Flat Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are E flat, G flat, B flat and D flat.

These chords are found in the G flat, C flat and D flat scales

D Sharp Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are D sharp, F sharp, A sharp and C sharp.

These chords are found in the F Sharp, B and C Sharp scales

G Sharp Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are G sharp, B, D sharp and F sharp.

These chords are found in the B, E and F Sharp scales

C Sharp Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are C sharp, E, G sharp and B.

These chords are found in the E, A and B scales

F Sharp Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are F sharp, A, C sharp and E.

These chords are found in the A, D and E scales

B Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are B, D, F Sharp and A.

These chords are found in the D, G and A scales

E Minor 7th Guitar Chord Images

The Notes for this chord are E, G, B and D.

These chords are found in the G, C and D scales

I hope you found this page useful.

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The Ionian ModeThe Major Scale

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The major scale and the Ionian mode are the same scale. I included it in the modes just to make them complete or in case you entered the site from a modal keyword.

This mode because it is the major scale can be used for improvising over every chord in the major scale.

Ionian Scale Formula

The formula for the this mode is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7

Here’s what it sounds like.