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A minor scales are all related to the key of C even though some contain notes not in the scale. Minor scales can be made easily from the major scale
The A natural minor scale has the same notes as its relative major C. It’s just the C scale played from A to A. This scale is also the A Aeolian mode
A Natural Minor Scale
Chords in A Natural Minor Scale
A Melodic Minor Scale
To make a melodic minor scale you just flat the 3rd of a major scale.
The A Minor Melodic Scale
Chords in the A Melodic Minor Scale
A Harmonic Minor Scale
For the harmonic scale you lower the 3rd and 6th note of the major scale
This scale has the most unique sound. You will recognize it in Latin music.
The A minor harmonic scale
Major Scale Modes
Harmonic Minor Scale Modes
Melodic Minor Scale Modes
I hope you found this page useful.
The E flat major scale adds yet another flat giving us B, E and A flatted in this scale. We are still moving in the circle of 4ths with the scales.
The only open strings for this scale are the 4th string D is the major 7th and the 3rd string g is the major 3rd. This isn’t a good key for acoustic guitars in the standard tuning where you want to have long ringing notes.
This scale is made from two tetrachords from the A flat and B flat scales.
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Guitar Scales Method
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Because the E flat major scale is made from A flat and B flat major scales you will see the same notes and chords in the E flat, A Flat and B flat major scales.
E Flat Scale – PDF Download
E Flat Scale PDF
The first four notes of this scale came from the key of A♭. The last four notes of the E♭ scale come from the key of B♭.
E Flat Tetra-Chords
A tetra-chord is four adjacent notes that make up half a major scale. Every major scale has two of tetra-chords.
The first E flat tetra-chord comes from the last tetra-chord in the A flat major scale and the second tetra-chord comes from the first tetrachord in the B flat scale.
E Flat Major Scale Number System
Major scales have numbers that go with the notes for easy identification. This is an easy way to communicate notes and chords that will work for any major or minor key.
Usually this is used to refer to the chords but it is also our way of building our chords from scales. When referring to chords the numbers are usually written in Roman numerals, upper case for major chords and lower case for minor chords.
If you want to learn about the modes of the major scale go here.
E Flat Major Notation and Tablature
E Flat Major Chords
E Flat Major Chord Diagrams
E Flat Major Key signature
This is how the first bar in sheet music will look if you are in the key of E♭. The flat symbol circles the B line and the E and A spaces in the staff.
There can be other flats ands sharps. They will be marked next to the notes on the staff but the B, E and A won’t be so you have to remember them.
The flat keys spell words as you cycle through the 4ths starting with B then BE then BEA and so on.
B♭, E♭, A♭
The Mixolydian mode is the original blues scale for the big bands like Glenn Miller Orchestra and many others.
There were no 6 note blues scales for these old timers. Everything was based on the major scale. This was Jazz and Blues combined with strict musical code.
Those Blue notes, the flatted 3rd and 5th were considered accidentals not a seperate scale.
This mode is for improvising over dominant chords built from the 5th note of the major scale like G7, G9, G11 and G13.
They had no guitar note bending either, everything was done with horns.
This was the commercial version of the Blues, not what was being played by the original Blues players from the South.
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3 Different Keys
Every dominant chord puts you in a new key.
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Guitar Scales Method
This is how they used to think of the blues. A blues song in G with the I, IV and V chords being G7, C7 and D7 would actually put you in the key of C, F and G.
I doubt that the old time Blues player who invented this music thought this way but this is how a person who knew music theory would.
It’s those old timers we owe for the blues scale as we know it today.
Here is a little taste of the mixolydian scale. It has more of a major blues sound to it. This is a G7 chord in the back and I only used notes from this mode.
The G Mixolydian played over a G chord
I know it’s a little bland but these are the notes of the mode. I want you to hear the mode notes not the guitar playing.
This mode can be made to sound better with some slides, hammer-ons, pull-offs, bends and other techniques but learn the mode 1st without stomp boxes or other sound altering devices.
The Mixolydian Mode List
Here we go again another 12 modes for improvising. This has a lot of uses. Eric Clapton uses this scale on “Hideaway”. A tune recorded with “John Mayall and the BluesBreakers” written by Freddie King and Sonny Thompson
The Mixolydian Mode Formula
The Mixolydian formula is 1-2-3-4-5-6-♭7
This one is easy to remember just flat the 7th of any major scale
I hope you found this page useful.
What are guitar songs? These are songs that need a guitar in them to sound like the original recording. No other instrument sounds like the guitar.
It’s the tone and rhythm of each individual guitar part that makes them unique. These parts are usually simple to play once you figure out what the guitar player is doing.
Some Rolling Stones Songs
Many songs have guitar parts in them that are essential to the character of the song. Imagine the Stones song Satisfaction without the fuzzed up 3 note riff that makes the song what it is.
Another Rolling Stones classic “The Last Time” has a guitar riff that makes the song. I heard Dwight Yokum a Country singer do this song and it sounded great with a Southern Twang because he kept that riff in the song.
How about the beginning of “Gimme Shelter” with that tremolo rhythm guitar. This song would not sound right without it.
Mick Jagger’s singing also makes their songs. He knows how to phrase and enunciate words, you wouldn’t think he had an English accent in songs like “Heart Breaker” and “Honky Tonk Woman”.
More Guitar Songs
Another group that has many guitar riffs in them as the song basis is The Beatles. One song “She’s a Woman” only uses a staccato 7th chord. They way John Lennon plays it makes it hard to duplicate on any other instrument, he slides down off it slightly giving it a unique sound.
Another song is Day Tripper. This isn’t far from Roy Orbison’s song Pretty Woman beginning guitar lick.
Beatles Guitar Songs
The Beatles actually had a short career as a group recording music from around 1962 to 1970. But they produced an enormous amount of great music in that short time.
They all went on recording as individuals and with other people but that magic of The Beatles was lost forever.
Mick Jagger of the Rolling Stones used to go to the Beatles recording session. The beatles had a system where they could get a good take on a song playing it live with only a few recordings.
It’s actually hard to get a good recording because everything has to be perfect. This not only includes the musicians but the people recording you, microphone placement, amp settings. Everything.
Most recordings back then were recorded live as if they were playing in concert. Today they have a lot more ways with all the digital magic that can blend things in better.
More Guitar Songs
Another one of my favorite guitar players is Eric Clapton.
He’s been playing guitar for as long as I’ve been listening to music. He started playing in clubs with a group called the Roosters in 1963 and then on to The Yardbirds, BluesBreakers, Cream and on until today.
I started following his playing from John Mayall and the BluesBreakers. He was very good back then even though he was young(17 or so). His phrasing was that of a mature musician not a young guitar player.
Eric Clapton Songs
Led Zepplin Songs
Here is a group that has had a lot of good rock hits. Their one song that is a classic is Stairway to Heaven. This is a song every guitar player should know.
Led Zepplin got labeled as a heavy metal band. To me a heavy metal band back then was Iron Butterfly. Led Zepplin Songs
I hope you found this page useful.
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Lead Guitar Scales
Diminished seventh chord theory is simple you stack minor thirds on top of each other. That’s it.
In the major scale the diminished triad made from the 7th note becomes a minor 7th with a flatted 5th and not a diminished 7th like you might think. The 7th is actually a 6th from the root.
They used to teach you that years ago even in the Mel Bay Books which were the big authority on guitar back in the 60’s
This chord can come from the 7th note of the harmonic minor scale.
It can also be made from the diminished scale. The diminished and the diminished 7th are the only chords that can be made from the diminished scale.
There may be other sources that I’m not aware of but we’ll use the diminished scale to build this chord.
You have to understand scales before you can understand chord building theory. There are many scale sources for chords but most you will learn from the major scale.
Here are the diminished scales. There’s only two of them.
I put the chromatic scale there to stop confusion. This scale contains all the notes.
Some prefer to think there is only one scale you just start on the second note of the whole dim scale.
I’ve seen these called dominant scales because they are used over dominant chords
The first is called a whole diminished scale because it starts with a whole tone-two frets apart.
The second is called a half diminished scale because it starts with a half tone-one fret away.
Diminished Seventh Chord Theory
Making the Chord
Diminished seventh chord theory consists of stacking minor thirds together.
If you don’t understand what minor thirds are check out the page below then come back.
Here are the diminished scales with numbers.
Whole Diminished Scale
Half Diminished Scale
This chord will be made using the formula below
1-3-5-7 – From Diminished scale above, not the Major scale
If this was a major scale the A would be a 6th and not a 7th.
In the major scale the formula would be=
P.S. You may see where they call the 7th chord in the major scale a diminished 7th chord. They used to use this chord instead of the minor flat 5 chord. Old school.
Diminished 7th Chords
To complete your diminished seventh chord crash course here are some chords to use.
These chords are all the same chord.
Diminished seventh chord theory. All these chords have 4 names, one for each note tone.
They also repeat themselves every minor 3rd or 3 frets, the same distance we used to build the chord.
I hope you found this page useful.
Discover the guitar open d tuning. This is a little easier on your guitar neck than the E tuning and sounds just as good. It’s the E tuning a whole tone lower.
Most guitars are made for the stress of standard tuning or close to it. You may prefer this over the E tuning. If you tune to this you can put a capo on the 2nd fret and have the E tuning too. You just have to move all your chords up two frets.
This tuning was a favorite of Elwood James a slide guitar player from the beginning of slide for Blues. His main hit was Dust My Broom. Johnny Winter plays his licks alot.
You can sound good without knowing a lot of music theory with an open tuning.
How to Tune Open D
- 6th string(heavy) = D
- 5th string = A
- 4th string = D
- 3rd string = F sharp
- 2nd string = A
- 1st string = D
You leave the 4th and 5th string as is and retune the rest.
Here is a diagram
This tuning is the same as E. In other words from the 6th string to the 5th is a 5th interval and so on. They only difference is it’s a whole tone lower.
So anything you read about the E tuning can be applied on two frets lower.
Your main blues keys are D, G and A without using a capo.
The D chord is open or 12th fret
The G chord is on the 5th fret
The A chord is on the 7th fret
D Tuning Capo
If you put a capo on the first fret you have the E♭, A♭ and B♭ blues covered. I’ll explain it like the E capo above.
Open position or 13th fret is the I chord = E♭
6th position is the IV chord = A♭
8th position is the V chord = B♭
6th position is the I chord = A♭
11th position is the IV chord = D♭
Open position or the 13th fret is the V chord = E♭
8th position is the I chord = B♭
13th or open position is the IV chord = E♭
3rd or 15th position is the V chord = F
Open Position Chords
Note the difference between the C and the C add9 chords is the open 1st string is played in the 9th version.
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